Lect. univ. dr., Universitatea „Constantin Brâncoveanu” din Piteşti;
This study tries to reveal the essence of the ontological argument through the classic metaphysics (Plato and Aristotle; Anselm of Canterbury and Thomas of Aquin). Our main points begin from the Plato’s and Aristotle’s philosophy, the bases of metaphysics in order to reach the medieval philosophy of Anselm of Canterbury and Thomas of Aquin. If Plato and Aristotle represent two specific manners to conceive the metaphysical discourse – the theoretician of the Idea’s philosophy is followed by the one of the natural philosophy –, Anselm of Canterbury marks his type of theologico-metaphysical discourse by the demonstration of the ontological argument. Instead, Thomas of Aquin manages to create a theological-metaphysical system based upon the coexistence between reason and faith, in the manner of noesis that consolidates the ontological argument.
ontological argument, metaphysics, reason, noesis, faith, causality, system.