Cercetător dr., Muzeul Brăilei „Carol I”;
Over time, the Romanian principalities represented a proper territory for the cultivation of grain, a vital element for the feeding of humans and animals. The fact that Romania was the granary of Europe after 1829 is an axiom well-rooted in the Romanian collective mentality of the last century. The present paper aims at deciphering the causes of a particularly interesting phenomenon for the economic life of Romanian peasantry. Starting with the latter half of the nineteenth century, up to the First World War, the areas cultivated with grain exponentially increased, and Romania turned into one of the greatest European grain exporters, which provides the background for the subsequent theories of the country as the granary of Europe. This study statistically presents the development of grain harvests, with reference to: cultivated areas, total harvests and productivity. By assessing these factors, one can identify the causal relation between the production and the export of Romanian grain, compared to the production and export of other countries in order to further acquire an image of Romania’s potential to feed the entire Europe.
Wallachia, Moldavia, agriculture, peasantry, cereals, trade