Lector univ. dr. la Facultatea de Arhivistică, Academia de Poliţie „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” din Bucureşti;
For economic and business historians, the Russian–Turkish Peace of Adrianople (1829) marks the true beginning of market competition on the Danubian hinterland. During the 19th century and the first half of the next century, the Danubian and the Northern Black Sea areas had been the largest producers of grain in Europe. Starting from these premises, this paper analyses the main aspects related to rivalry from the Great Powers and Austria’s company in the battle of integration in the international grain deposit-ports. This rivalry contributed to the establishment of the Austrian Lloyd’s navigation house which competed with other foreign companies. In addition to the economic benefits achieved from its shipping activities, the Austrian company had access to detailed information on various fields from the Romanian ports. At the end of the first part of the 20th century, the Romanian cereals trade that ruled for a century, will lose field for the trade with oil. For references I’ve been using and working with relevant bibliographies, statistical publications and scripts from The National Archives of Romania, Galaţi Branch, The European Commission of the Danube Fund.
Triest, Brăila, navigation, international trade, economic rivalry