Cercetător ştiinţific III, dr., Institutul de Cercetări Socio-Umane „C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” din Craiova, al Academiei Române;
The failure of the second siege of the Vienna by the Ottoman Empire Army in 1683 (the first was in the age of the Sultan Suleyman Kanuni –The Magnificent in 1529) was the moment on which the Ottoman Empire was on defensive positions until 1878, the moment of the Romanian indepependence Confronted with the Habsburg Empire and the Tsarist Russia, The Ottoman Empire entered in an age with many battles between 1683 and 1812 in the majority of them having defeats and territorial loses. The period is very important from the Romanian Principalities because they lost a lot of territories which the Ottomans offered to the Habsburgs and to the Russians, without having this right, because the Principalities were autonomous, according to the Capitulations signed in the Middle Age which granted the territorial integrity of the Principalities and their internal autonomy in the exchange of paying the annually tribute.
The article points out the main opinions over the international status, as they appear in the European istoriography.
Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire, Habsburg Empire, Romanian Principalities, international political status, internal autonomy European Historiography