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Home / New Series no. 29/2015 / FLORIN NACU, De la „clăcăşie” la „neoiobăgie” – repere istoriografice privind evoluţia „chestiunii ţărăneşti” (From Dependent Peasantry” to “New Dependent Peasantry” – Historiographical Views Concerning the Development of the “Peasant Question”)

FLORIN NACU, De la „clăcăşie” la „neoiobăgie” – repere istoriografice privind evoluţia „chestiunii ţărăneşti” (From Dependent Peasantry” to “New Dependent Peasantry” – Historiographical Views Concerning the Development of the “Peasant Question”)

FLORIN NACU
Cercetător ştiinţific III, dr., Institutul de Cercetări Socio-Umane „C. S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” din Craiova, al Academiei Române;
E-mail: florin_nacu@yahoo.com

Abstract
The modern era of the Romanian history was entirely marked by the idea of national revival. After removing the Phanariot system in the two Principalities, Moldavia and Walachia, there was a permanent conflict between national emancipation promoters and advocates of maintaining the present order. Most of the population living in rural areas, which was in the economic dependence relationship with the landowners since medieval times, was in the middle of the political events.
Liberals and conservatives, but also exponents of new political trends sought to find solutions to solve the land issue. The outbreak of the First World War in 1914 led Romanian political class to abandon any agrarian reform initiatives. After 1918, in the context of Great Union, a number of Romanian thinkers imagined solutions to the agrarian problem.

Keywords
dependent peasants, agrarian reform, historiographical view, peasant question, political thinking.

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