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Home / New Series no. 35/2021 / ILEANA CIOAREC, Cula Moscu din Musculești, județul Gorj / Kula Moscu from Musculești, Gorj county

ILEANA CIOAREC, Cula Moscu din Musculești, județul Gorj / Kula Moscu from Musculești, Gorj county

ILEANA CIOAREC
Cercetător ştiinţific III dr., Institutul de Cercetări Socio-Umane „C.S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” din Craiova, al Academiei Române;
E-mail: ileanacioarec@yahoo.com

Abstract
Among the South-Danube merchants who have carried out intensive trade on the North-Danube the Macedo-Romanians particularly stood out. At the end of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th a great number of Macedo-Romanians established to Craiova and its surroundings, playing an important role into the economic and cultural development of this town. Among these we encounter Ioan and
Constantin’s family, natives from Moscopole, dealing with livestock trading in particular large cattle in Austria and Ottoman Empire. From those sales Ioan and Constantin raised significant amounts of money that allowed him to buy several estates within Oltenia. Connecting to Constatin Moscu is related a highly important architectural monument from Musculești – a kula that unfortunately it is no longer
preserved today. As the other kulas from Oltenia, Moscu had a shape adequated for defence, having two pinnacles through they could shoot with a rifle or a gun against besiegers, located downstairs.

Keywords
Moscu family, the kula, Musculești village, rural architecture, Gorj county

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