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Home / New Series no. 34/2020 / MIHAELA CĂTĂLINA SCAFEȘ (OPRAN), Perspectivă istorică asupra reglementării și jurisprudenței în materia accesului liber la justiție (A historical perspective on the regulatory framework and case law on the free access to justice)

MIHAELA CĂTĂLINA SCAFEȘ (OPRAN), Perspectivă istorică asupra reglementării și jurisprudenței în materia accesului liber la justiție (A historical perspective on the regulatory framework and case law on the free access to justice)

MIHAELA CĂTĂLINA SCAFEȘ (OPRAN)
Cercetător post-doctorat al Universității din Craiova; Avocat – Baroul Dolj;
E-mail: opran.mihaela@yahoo.com

Abstract
The modern democratic society identifies itself at the legal level with the need to establish fundamental rights. These are general regulations, with the value of law principles for the states that recognize them, designed to ensure the protection of citizens against abuse or to create an appropriate framework for the recognition of their rights. Free access to justice is a component of the right to a fair trial and presupposes the existence of regulations that allow and sometimes facilitate the legal proceedings of individuals. The development of this concept as a fundamental right starts from the legal systems of the ancient world and really finds its affirmation starting with the 18th century. It is currently recognized by several international protection instruments.

Keywords
tribunal, free access to justice, fundamental right, fair trial, European Convention on Human Rights.

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