Cercetător ştiinţific I, dr.,
In this study, the author evidences a statistical document from 1851 that refers to Dolj County. This document contains demographic, economic, social and climatic information and data. Dolj County had a population of 163,171 dwellers, from which 16,293 in Craiova, its residence town, and 146,179 dwellers in the 265 villages that existed at that time. The population owned 32,398 dwellings, from which the vast majority was represented by houses, and approximately a third was made of huts. The dwellers were practicing agriculture, different professions and trade. In order to be able to farm the land, to keep the house and practice trade, they were breeding animals. In their households, there were 20,807 horses, 41,062 cattle, 483 buffaloes, 114,338 sheep, 14,745 goats and 33,307 pigs. The surplus of agricultural products, along with other type ones, were sold in fairs and markets, as well as in the ports from Bechet and Calafat. The trade was facilitated by several commercial and post roads that used to connect Dolj County with the other counties of the province of Oltenia and Bucharest, the capital of the country. The same document also makes references on the climate of the area, mentioning the propitious periods to sow and harvest the crops.
Dolj County, Statistic from 1851, settlements, demography, economy