Cercetător ştiinţific III drd., Institutul de Cercetări Socio-Umane „C. S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” din Craiova, al Academiei Române;
Theoretically speaking, communism regards revolutions as the continuation of a process which changes human consciousness according to the transformations of social realities. Ever since they were implemented by the communist state, national reconstruction programs (for instance, collectivization and industrialisation) had been set up in order to bring about serious transformations on various types of behaviour and human thought at a level that goes far beyond the mere propaganda which was spread either through words or images. In truth, in order to generate social changes, the communist regimes appealed to censorship and illusion, and these, in turn, produced a certain type of condition described by some as oneiric due to fact that the official version of reality was completely different from the real everyday life. As for longlasting communist regimes, such as the Soviet Union and Romania the concept of “propaganda” did not have any negative connotation with the communists and, since communism was believed to have offered a “scientific” as well as an “objective” perspective upon the world, almost no proper distinction was ever made among propaganda, education, and, eventually, art.
communism, propaganda, socialist realism, iconology, political symbols