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Home / New Series no. 30/2016 / Simona LAZĂR, Circulaţia bronzurilor în sud-vestul României în a doua jumătate a mileniului al II-lea a. Chr

Simona LAZĂR, Circulaţia bronzurilor în sud-vestul României în a doua jumătate a mileniului al II-lea a. Chr

SIMONA LAZĂR
Cercetător ştiinţific III, dr., Institutul de Cercetări Socio-Umane „C. S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor” din Craiova, al Academiei Române;
E-mail: simonalazar@ymail.com

Abstract
In the second millennium, and especially in its second half, the development of the bronze metallurgy and the perfecting of the techniques led to the intensifying of the exchanges and to the socio-economic restructuration of the society. And a proof for this are the discoveries such the hoard from Drajna de Jos, the treasure Rădeni, Perşinari, Ţufalău, Ţigănaşi and Hinova. All these discoveries can be attributed to the existence of a group of people, for whom the precious metal objects, as those enumerated above, bear a welldefined signification. There are prestige items that suggest in the same time the fact that they have the capacity to develop relations with distant areas such is Mycenae that, along with the Hittite Empire, represented the most important political power from that period.
The mechanisms regarding the circulation of products, essentially different from what we understand today through this process, were based into the Prehistory on the principle of reciprocity and redistribution. The system of the total prestation, met to all the traditional societies, implies not only the individual persons but especially the moral
persons (families, clans), having as a result connections and alliances and the establishment of hierarchies. The circulation of products can be understood both as a redistribution through heritage or as gifts exchanges, “gift for gift”, and as accumulation for treasurization. We also take into account the practices of renouncing at the objects by
deposing them into graves, offering them as oblations or their intentional destruction (potlatch).

Keywords
bronze metallurgy, treasure, relations with distant, mechanisms regarding

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